Organizing Your Neighborhood
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After an earthquake or other disaster, emergency response agencies could be overburdened and might not be able to get to your neighborhood immediately. You and your neighbors or coworkers may need to take the initial emergency response actions and take care of others for at least 72 hours.
Past earthquakes have thrust many untrained people into positions of providing first aid and rescuing people. You need to be prepared! If a response team has not been organized in your neighborhood or workplace, form one now. Joining and forming a community response team can greatly improve your chances of surviving an earthquake and can improve the self-sufficiency of your neighborhood.
Learn simple firefighting techniques.
Learn basic search-and-rescue skills.
Learn to assess yourself, your family and coworker for injuries.
Learn to assess your home and workplace for hazards or damage.
Learn to assess your community for hazards, needs and available resources.
Contact your local police and fire departments, city/ county Office of Emergency Services, American Red Cross chapter or community college to arrange for speakers and training workshops. Response teams should arrange to participate in annual earthquake exercises sponsored by local government and businesses.
Inventory Your Neighbors' Skills
As part of the community response team planning process, teams should conduct an inventory of the skills and resources available at home, work and community. You should have this information on hand before an earthquake for efficient, effective responses. Identify people who:
Have medical, electrical, child care, leadership, fire fighting and survival skills.
Own chain saws, citizens band radios, four-wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles and water purifiers.
Are willing and able to be a runner/bicycler to deliver messages if telephone lines are down.
Every home or office has people with special needs. Your neighborhood response team should work with these individuals in advance to determine what extra assistance or supplies they may require after an earthquake or other emergency. Some of the people who may require special assistance include:
Physically Challenged Deaf or hearing impaired
Persons who require a special oxygen supply
Persons with significant medical conditions
Other Children who spend time alone at home
In addition to the water, food and other supplies that everyone needs to stock, members of the community response team should store tools. Items such as the following should be stored in a central and easily accessible location.
Gloves and goggles
Hard hats and vests
Flashlights with extra batteries
Axes and crowbars